Charlotte Miller

What Is Cheque Bounce?

Are you curious to know what is cheque bounce? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about cheque bounce in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is cheque bounce?

Cheque bounce, a term often heard in financial circles, can have significant repercussions for individuals and businesses. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of what cheque bounce is, reasons behind it, legal aspects, and potential solutions for those facing such situations.

What Is Cheque Bounce?

Cheque bounce occurs when a cheque presented for payment is not honored by the bank due to various reasons such as insufficient funds, mismatched signatures, or an expired validity period. It is a critical financial event that can lead to legal consequences and damage the financial reputation of the issuer.

What Is Cheque Bounce Sbi:

Specific to the State Bank of India (SBI), cheque bounce refers to the situation where a cheque issued by an SBI account holder is dishonored by the bank. The reasons for cheque bounce with SBI may vary but often align with generic causes applicable across banks.

What Is Cheque Bounce In India:

In the Indian financial landscape, cheque bounce is a common occurrence. The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, governs cheque-related matters in India. When a cheque is dishonored, legal implications may follow, and the payee has the right to initiate legal proceedings.

Cheque Bounce Reasons List:

Several reasons can lead to cheque bounce, including:

  • Insufficient Funds: Most common reason where the account does not have enough balance to cover the cheque amount.
  • Mismatched Signatures: If the signature on the cheque does not match the specimen signature with the bank.
  • Stale Cheque: A cheque presented after its validity period has expired.
  • Post-Dated Cheque: A cheque presented before the date mentioned on it.
  • Account Closed: If the issuer has closed the account before the cheque is presented.
  • Alterations on Cheque: Any unauthorized changes or alterations to the cheque.

How To Escape From Cheque Bounce Case:

To avoid legal consequences associated with a cheque bounce case, individuals can consider the following measures:

  • Communication: Engage with the payee to resolve the matter amicably.
  • Cover Insufficient Funds: Ensure sufficient funds are available before issuing a cheque.
  • Update Signatures: Maintain accurate and up-to-date specimen signatures with the bank.
  • Renew Cheques: Replace stale or post-dated cheques with valid ones.

Cheque Bounce Validity Period:

Cheques typically have a validity period of three to six months from the date of issuance. Presenting a cheque after its expiry can lead to dishonor.

Bounced Check Example:

For instance, if an individual issues a cheque for a specific amount and the account lacks the necessary funds, the bank will bounce the cheque, and the payee will not receive the intended payment.

If Cheque Bounce Due To Insufficient Balance:

If a cheque bounces due to insufficient balance, the account holder may incur penalties, and the payee can take legal action to recover the amount.

20 Reasons Why Bank Dishonour Cheque:

  • Insufficient Funds
  • Mismatched Signatures
  • Stale Cheque
  • Post-Dated Cheque
  • Account Closed
  • Alterations on Cheque
  • Overwriting Errors
  • Frozen Account
  • Technical Issues
  • Crossed Cheque Violation
  • Incomplete Information
  • Death of the Drawer
  • Legal Restraints
  • Forgery Concerns
  • Countermanded Cheque
  • Irregular Endorsement
  • Unapproved Drawer’s Authority
  • Bankruptcy of Drawer
  • Dispute Over Amount
  • Unavailability of Drawer


Cheque bounce is a serious financial event with legal ramifications. Understanding the reasons, taking preventive measures, and addressing the issue promptly can help individuals and businesses navigate through such challenges and maintain financial integrity. Regular communication and adherence to banking regulations are essential to avoid cheque bounce incidents and their associated consequences.


What Happens When A Cheque Bounces?

The payer may be prosecuted for issuing a cheque against an account with insufficient funds. The payee may choose to prosecute the payer or allow the payer to re-issue a cheque within three months. The payer may end up in jail for up to two years for issuing a dishonoured cheque.

Is Cheque Bounce A Serious Offence?

A cheque bounce is an offence under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (“Act”) punishable with a fine which can extend to twice the amount of the cheque or imprisonment for a term not more than two years or both.

Who Pays Cheque Bounce Charges?

The payee also needs to pay cheque bounce charges in case of insufficient funds or other reasons, including signature mismatch. However, this may vary depending on the bank.

How Many Times Can A Cheque Be Bounced?

Generally, a bank may attempt to deposit the check two or three times when there are insufficient funds in your account. However, there are no laws that determine how many times a check may be resubmitted, and there is no guarantee that the check will be resubmitted at all.

I Have Covered All The Following Queries And Topics In The Above Article

What Is Cheque Bounce Sbi

What Is Cheque Bounce In India

Cheque Bounce Reasons List

How To Escape From Cheque Bounce Case

Cheque Bounce Validity Period

Bounced Check Example

If Cheque Bounce Due To Insufficient Balance

20 Reasons Why Bank Dishonour Cheque

What Is Cheque Bounce